|Elliott Lash||Wed, Nov 12, 2008 at 7:56 PM|
|dê-||deem, judge||(ê-stem verb)|
|e-||do not||(e-stem verb)|
|fanta||action, deed||(a-stem noun)|
|idornavi||at last, in the end, finally|
|kumbiva||error, fault||(a-stem noun)|
|menna||because, for, since|
|naksi||everything, everyone, all||(i-stem noun)|
|oitu||important, central, middle, main||(adjective)|
|peirsay-||pertain to, include, comprise, encompass||(ay-stem verb)|
|po||upto, onto||(resultative, i.e. implies arrival at a destination)|
|sinë||such that, so, therefore|
|vanga||jagged peak, point||(a-stem noun)|
|vapheinda||evil-delivery, betrayal||(a-stem noun)|
|vëassa||how||(relative; + subjunctive)|
|verni||true, very, real||(adjective)|
|vow-||exist, be||(w-stem verb)|
|-a-||present thematic formant (for roots with -a-)|
|-ë||2nd singular imperative|
|-n(a)||3rd singular present|
|-r||3rd singular present|
|-rya||x’s own (reflexive possessive)|
|d + n||> nd|
|a + i||> ei (ë)|
|ê||> i (when surrounded by consonants)|
|ay + e||> ie|
|ë||> ei (when before consonant)|
|u + i||> i|
|n + l||> l|
|ay + a||> ëa|
example: f > hw
Verb Declension: You can refer here for some fragmentary information: http://wiki.frath.net/SILINDION
However, in general: The indicative present is usually formed by adding a vowel to the base(called the thematic vowel). This is a copy of the root vowel. Hence, root -i- verbs add -i to the base. The present conveys simple present time, progressive present or future. Some verbs are athematic, this means that a personal ending is added right to the root.
The subjunctive present is formed by adding -i to any base, regardless of the vowel of the root. The subjunctive conveys the meaning 'may' or is translated by a basic present form of the verb after certain particles or relative words.
After all of the above tense/mood formants, the pronominal endings can be added.
The adjectival gerund is formed with the suffix -(n)dëa (really the adjectival case of the gerund ending -na). It basically translates as the -ing form of the verb. But, can be used to form various other types of deverbal adjectives. Unlike the present participle suffix (which is unused here), the adjectival gerund can take arguments. For some gerunds (such as eseina), the verbal meaning has been completely bleached.Order is roughly VSO, although S is usually expressed as a personal ending on the verb.
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page started: 2008.Dec.07 Sun
last modified: 2008.Dec.07 Sun
form originated by qiihoskeh;
content copyright Elliott Lash.