CONLANG Translation Relay 25

Ring B Dec04 Final

First: Dec04 Original
Ring B previous: Tulvan

English Translation from Dec04

My lion cub had used up all his patience.
I thought the lion cub was less large than it had been.
He worried me whenever Tomas was opening beer barrels.
"Eva, do you think that this is your shroud?"
"I'm wondering whether he can find Tomas in the corner market," I said.
"That's not a beer barrel; Tomas is a person," she said.
The lion cub was eating that fish.
I think that Tomas isn't a person.
The lion cub was given the fish by Tomas.

Dec04 Text

nicuxrinaš sexrizgux destak mrebotek pi sitek.
sesan cuxrinaš bidrafok pi bosentes.
tmasu zufus calgini gozelok 'an niflustek.
'efa ba, si megu bufrašši hik pi bosenon če kwa.
mičxo reptu dal tmas šnuk pi zegok čepi hwežos kwa pertes.
tu megu zufus calgini wahik; tmasu bani hak kwa pertesko.
cuxrinaš tu war pnučok pi sitek.
tmasu bani wahak pi bosenos.
cuxrinat war tmasu žuktesko.


The sequences iy, ey, aw, and uw lose the glide except before a vowel.

Word classes appearing are verbs, nouns, and particles. Verb stems have up to 4 consonants and requiring vowel insertions to be complete. Where necessary to break up clusters, is inserted. Each noun is inherently either animate or inanimate.

Noun Prefixes

ni- 1st person singular possessor
bu- 2nd person singular possessor

Noun Suffixes

-0 singular accusative (most stems)
-i non-referential accusative (consonant stems)
-o singular accusative (some stems)
-s non-referential genitive (vowel stems)
singular nominative (vowel stems)
-t singular locative (vowel stems)
-u singular nominative (consonant stems)
-x singular genitive (vowel stems)
-xo singular genitive (consonant stems)

Verb Prefixes

bi- smaller quantity (= degree for scalar verb)
ni- 1st person singular object
se- reflexive

Verb Infixes

These are inserted before the last consonant of the root or stem, but follow the single consonant of the copula.

<a> passive, animate subject
<e> active, inanimate object
<i> passive, inanimate subject
<u> active, animate object

Verb Suffixes

-0 non-finite, present tense
-k finite, 3rd person subject (or any plural)
-n finite, 2nd person singular subject
-o finite, present tense
-s finite, 1st person singular subject
-sko finite, 3rd person subject (or any plural) + direct evidential
-te past tense

Tense precedes the subject person.


Argument phrases precede the verb and conjunctions follow. The most topical argument appears first; the last argument may be the focus. An accusative phrase with a passive verb specifies a location. Nouns follow their modifiers. If no determiner appears, the phrase is definite, unless the noun is non-referential. Direct quotations have a terminating particle but not a beginning particle.


NA noun, animate
NAP noun, animate, proper
NI noun, inanimate
NIM noun, inanimate, mass
VA verb, actional
VD verb, ditransitive
VR verb, relational
VS verb, descriptive
VT verb, transitive
VX verb, other
conj conjunction
det determiner
post postposition


ba post (VOC vocative)
ban NA person
bsn VT believe, think
calgin NI barrel
cuxrina NA lion cub
čepi conj whether
destak NIM everything
dl VR in
drf VS large in volume
fls VT worry
frašši NI shroud
gzl VS open
h VX be (COP)
hwž VA wonder
mego NI thing
mič NI corner
mrb VT use up, consume
pi conj (CPL terminates complement clause)
pnč VT eat
pr VD tell, say
reptu NI market
si det this
šnk VT find
tmas NAP Tomas (man's name)
tu det that
war NA fish
xrizgu NIM patience
zg VX can, able, possible (PP)
zufu NIM beer
žk VD give
'an conj when[ever], while, after, before (TMP)
'efa NAP Eva

page started: 2018.Feb.05 Mon
current date: 2018.Feb.05 Mon
content and form originated by qiihoskeh

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