CONLANG Translation Relay 16

Mirexu (Ring A)

Amanda Babcock Furrow Tue, 18 Nov 2008 14:28:12 -0500


ulogi sina tjutrensei ajasorgileni kjeakumelani adarusan.
nelurupu dalwegi talefwena ankuflukwelavi aisen.
igi tjutrenei tulsiso sina ajkuvekjulidevi kukumelav.
kisu forepatupwegi kukorvirfevi kjekukwelav.

Smooth Translation

A man should not cease to follow his belief.
Great sorrow may happen on the path.
His belief and strength of spirit will save him every time.
No border will be crossed.


ulo -gi si -na tjutren -sei
N -SUB.NOM 3sg.refl -SUB.OBL N -3sg.refl.poss

aj- a- sorgile -n -i
3sg.m.erg- PR- V -AOR -COMP

kje- a- kumela -n -i a- darusa -n

ne- lur -up -u dalwe -gi talefwe -na

an- ku- flukwela -v -i a- ise -n
3sg.n.erg- FUT- V -PERF -COMP PR- V -AOR

i -gi tjutren -ei tulsi -so si -na
3sg.m -SUB.NOM N -3sg.m.poss N -CONJ 3sg.refl -SUB.OBL

aj- ku- vekjulide -v -i ku- kumela -v
3sg.m.erg- FUT- V -PERF -CONJ FUT- V -PERF

kisu forepatupwe -gi ku- korvirfe -v -i kje- ku- kwela -v


3sg.m third person singular, male
3sg.m.erg " " " ", ergative
3sg.m.poss " " " ", possessive
3sg.n.erg third person singular, neuter, ergative
3sg.refl third person singular, reflexive
3sg.refl.poss " " " ", possessive
ADJ adjective or adjectival relative clause ending
AOR aorist aspect
COMP subordinate complement clause ending
CONJ conjunctive ending
FUT future tense
IMP imperfective aspect
N noun
NEG negation
PERF perfective aspect
PR present tense
REL relative clause
SUB.NOM nominative case in subordinate clause
SUB.OBL accusative/oblique case in subordinate clause
V verb


a accusative case
a present tense marker
aj 3rd person singular male ergative agreement marker
an 3rd person singular neuter ergative agreement marker
dalwe sorrow
darusa to be wrong; kje.... adarusan, must
ei 3rd person singular male possessive ending
flukwela to happen at
forepatupwe border, fault line, crack
gi nominative case ending in subordinate clauses
i subordinate complement clause ending
i 3rd person singular male pronoun
ise to be possible; "might" in present aorist
kisu any X, any one of the group of X's; in negated context, none, not a single X
kje negation marker
korvirfe to be crossed
ku future tense marker
kumela to happen always, to happen every time (in perfective), to continue on (in imperfective)
kwela to happen
lur to be big, mighty, great, terrible
na accusative/oblique case ending in subordinate clauses
ne relative clause prefix
sei 3rd person singular reflexive possessive ending
si 3rd person singular reflexive pronoun
so conjunctive suffix for nouns
sorgile to follow
talefwe path
tjutren belief, sacred knowledge
tulsi strength of spirit
u adjectival relative clause ending
ulo man
up imperfective aspect marker (after consonants)
v perfective aspect marker
vekjulide to save, rescue


Verbs are marked for: agreement with certain types of subordinate clause; negation; agreement with any ergative argument; agreement with non-third-person absolutive arguments; agreement with each oblique argument; tense; and aspect. Verbs frequently contain many derivational morphemes which are not given separately above for time and space reasons. The verb paradigm is as follows:

[ ADV ] [ NEG ] [ ABS ] [ ERG ] [ OBL [ OBL ...] ] TENSE verb-base ASPECT

Verbs may form subordinate clauses in the following ways:

Verbs may combine through conjunction if they share all arguments (and therefore also degree of transitivity) and tense. All but the final verb are marked for aspect and negation only, and the conjunctive ending -u appended. The final verb is an ordinary fully declined finite verb.

Nouns and free pronouns show nominative/accusative alignment, in contrast with the absolutive/ergative alignment of verb agreement. Since the ergative and absolutive agreement markers on the verb are really incorporated pronouns, any standalone pronoun agreed with by such a marker will not appear. However, as absolutive third person pronouns are not marked on the verb, they do appear either in the accusative as objects of transitive verbs, or in the nominative (with null case ending) as subjects of intransitive verbs. Nouns with the oblique case ending have their role marked on the verb. In subordinate clauses nominative nouns take the subordinate nominative ending, and accusative and oblique nouns take the subordinate oblique ending.

Nouns may be possessed. If this is the case, instead of their case ending they have a possessive suffix. They will be preceded by their possessor (unless it is a pronoun which has been subsumed by a verb agreement marker), on which their case will be marked. Agreement on the verb is with the possessor, but the actual argument is the possessed noun.

Nouns in the same case and to which all the same arguments (adjectives, relative clauses, possessors) apply may form conjunction by all but the first noun having the conjunctive noun suffix -so instead of a possessive or case suffix.

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page started: 2008.Dec.05 Fri
last modified: 2008.Dec.27 Sat
form originated by qiihoskeh;
content copyright Amanda Babcock Furrow.