Dec04 –  A Constructed Language

Dec04 Phonology and Orthography

Legend: Definitions, Terms, <Text>, [IPA], -Tags-, and "Glosses".

Letters and Sounds

The tables show the relevent phonetic symbols (in IPA) with the corresponding orthographic (romanization) symbols. The 27 letters used are:
a b c č d e f g h i k l m n o p r s š t u w x y z ž 'j q v aren't used.

In the following tables, an asterisk * indicates that the letter is used for more than one sound.

Vowel Qualities

There are 5 vowel qualities and 4 diphthongs. There are no other vowel sequences. The diphthongs are [ɪu] iw, [ɛu] ew, [ai] ay, and [ʊi] uy.

Vowel Qualities
  front central back
high i i - - - u u
mid - e - - - o -
low - a a - -

Consonant Qualities

There are 22 consonant phonemes using 26 phones.

  labial coronal dorsal guttural
nasal voiced m m - - n n* - ɲ n* ŋ n* - -
stop voiceless p p - - t t - - k k - ʔ '
voiced b b - - d d - - g g - -
affricate voiceless - - t͡s c t͡ʃ č - -
voiced - - d͡z z d͡ʒ ž - -
fricative voiceless - f f - s s ʃ š ç h* - ʍ h* χ x h h*
rhotic voiced - - r r - - -
vocoid voiced - - l l - j y - w w - -




Phonetically, the following rhyme types appear:

light: -V
heavy: -Vː, -VV, -VC


In polysyllabic words, the penult is stressed unless the rhyme is o, in which case the antepenult is stressed. Monosyllabic words are unstressed.


The vowels i, e, a, and u, alternate with iy, ey, aw, and uw, respectively; the latter appear before a vowel and the former appear elsewhere. This means that a -y or -w suffix may seem to disappear when no vowel follows.

page started: 2017.Dec.09 Sat
current date: 2017.Dec.12 Tue
content and form originated by qiihoskeh

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