The Sep10 Constructed Language

Sep10 Phonology and Orthography

Letters, Phonemes, and Phones

The 32 letters used are a á b c ç d e é f g h i í j k l m n o ó ø ǿ p r s t þ u ú w x y; the letters q v z aren't used.

The 1st table shows the 27 consonant phones (22 phonemes) that can appear while the next 2 tables show the 6 short and 6 long vowels; the corresponding orthography is also given. Letters marked with an asterisk * appear in more than one place in the tables.


  Labial Coronal Dorsal Guttural
Stops V'less p p - - t t - - k k kw - -
Voiced b b - - d d - - g g gw - -
Nasals Voiced m m - - n* n - n* ɲ n* ŋ - -
Affricates V'less - - c t͡ʃ - -
Voiced - - j d͡ʒ - -
Fricatives V'less - f f þ θ s s x ʃ ç ç h* x - h* h
Voiced - - z ʒ - -
Trills Voiced - - r r - - -
Approximants - - l l - y j - w w - -


Short Vowels
  Front Central Back
High i i - - - u u
Mid-high - e ø e ø - - - o o -
Mid-low - ɛ œ - - - ɔ -
Low - a -

Long Vowels
  Front Central Back
High í i: - - - ú u:
Mid-high - é ǿ e: ø: - - - ó o: -
Low - á ä: -


Syllables are (C)V(:|V|N|L|S), where N is a nasal homorganic to the following consonant, L is a liquid, and S is a fricative. Any single consonant may appear as an onset.

(C)V syllables are light; all others are heavy.


There are a number of rules for accent placement:

Other Phonology

A morpheme-initial voiceless stop or affricate will become the corresponding voiced stop or affricate when appended to a stem ending in a vowel (lenition).

The voiceless fricatives f, þ, ç, and h vocalize before a voiced stop or affricate; f becomes u, ç becomes i, and the others manifest as vowel lengthening.

Final Feature

Some morphemes have a final feature, notated as ' in the grammar and the vocabulary. How it appears in actual words depends on what follows.

page started: 2014.Sep.13 Sat
current date: 2014.Sep.15 Mon
content and form originated by qiihoskeh

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