Legend: Definitions, Terms, <Text>, [IPA], -Tags-, and "Glosses".
This temporal scheme was adapted from that of Aug28.
The names and relative values of the temporal units are shown in the following table:
|#||Base Unit||Unit Name||Description|
|~0.6||second||per||-||basic temporal unit|
The names of specific "hours of the daytime" and "hours of the night" are derived from the digits 0 through 9 by appending -?? and -??, respectively.
The terms for "days of the week" are constructed from the digits + "day". The terms for "weeks of the season" are constructed from the digits + "week". There's an extra day in the last season 4 out of 5 years.
The names of the seasons are shown in the following table:
The temporal units within each "hour" and the "years of the century" are identified using ordinal numbers plus the name of the temporal unit.
The following table lists some other temporal words:
|daytime||-||temporal phase names|
|after||-||Aft||matrix situation follows object situation||temporal postpositions|
|before||-||Bef||matrix situation precedes object situation|
The time doesn't need to be specified for every clause and sentence; it's assumed that the time remains the same if not specified in some manner. The time is initially implicitly present.
A basic time when phrase consists of a temporal determiner with or without a following temporal phase name. This is what's used instead of tense. By default, a single occasion is referred to, unless the temporal determiner is universal (Uni-) or the verb form is habitual or a number of occasions phrase appears.
A time displacement phrase is constructed as follows:
|3||Temporal Direction||after or before|
|4||Ordinal Number||displacement, omitted if "1"|
|5||Temporal Noun||unit name or phase name|
A single occasion phrase uses a temporal determiner other than D0 or Uni. No quantity word appears. Either a time unit noun or time phase noun is used. If the determiner is D1, the tense is present (implicitly); otherwise, the tense is past =Pst or future =Fut. The tense word Prs "now" is a special case.
|ek takoh[i/a]||-||D3||-||night||=Pst/=Fut||"that night"|
A multiple occasion phrase uses a temporal determiner other than D0 or D1; the determiner may also be null (non-specific). A quantity word (other than "0" or "1") appears denoting the number of occasions (unless the determiner is Uni). The noun is either a time unit, a time phase, "occasion" Occ, or "iteration" Itr. The tense may be past =Pst, future =Fut, or present (implicitly).
|-||D3||4||night||=Pst/=Fut||"on those 4 nights"|
|-||Ind||5||year||=Pst/=Fut||"in 5 different years"|
|-||Uni||-||day#2||-||"every Tuesday*" (present)|
|-||Uni||-||day#2||=Pst/=Fut||"every Tuesday*" (non-present)|
|-||-||2||occasion||=Pst/=Fut||"on 2 occasions"|
The determiner of a time displacement phrase is D0. A time unit noun is used. The quantity word denotes the number of units displaced in time ("0" isn't used). If no quantity word appears, the quantity is 1. The tense may be absolute past =Pst, absolute future =Fut, or a relative time expression.
|os takohi||-||D0||-||night||=Pst||last night|
|os keto zekoha||-||D0||2||day||=Fut||"the day after tomorrow"|
A relative time expression begins with either "before" or "after". This is followed by a single occasion phrase.
|after||D1||-||day#2||-||" from this Tuesday*"|
|before||D3||-||year||=Pst/=Fut||" before that year"|
In a composite temporal phrase, the component phrase with the larger unit appears before one with the smaller unit and its noun takes the genitive case.
The enclitic contrafactual particle =Ctf follows any tense particle or time-when adverbial. It's used for contrary-to-fact conditions and conclusions and also for the complements of wishes.
page started: 2018.Sep.20 Thu
current date: 2018.Sep.20 Thu
content and form originated by qiihoskeh
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