Jul17 –  A Constructed Language

Jul17 Derivational Morphosyntax

Derivational Suffixes

A derivational suffix converts a word stem from one class or subclass to another. Some derivations are semantically regular, while others have been lexicalized.

Derivational Suffixes
Suffix Tag Derivation Applies To Result
-ti -Hab habitual verb static verb
-?? -Pot potential verb static verb
-ix@ -Inch inchoative static verb dynamic verb
-stu -All allative relational static verb dynamic verb
-wdi -Abl ablative relational static verb dynamic verb
-fra -Per perlative relational static verb dynamic verb
-si -Den denominative noun dynamic verb
-?? -Lik noun-like noun adjective
-?? -N2V ?? noun static verb
-?? -Agt agent verb animate noun
-?? -PtA patient verb animate noun
-?? -PtI patient verb inanimate noun
-?? -Prd product verb inanimate noun
-?? -Ins instrument verb inanimate noun
-?? -Loc location verb inanimate noun
-?? -Tmp time or event verb temporal adverb

Habitual and Inchoative

The present tense of the habitual translates the English simple present for most verbs. The perfect tense of the habitual translates the English "used to" construction. The future tense of the habitual can also be used.

The inchoative indicates entry to the state denoted by the verb. It's used with secondary mode for resultatives.

Allative, Ablative, and Perlative

For entry to a spatial relation, the allative derivation is used rather than the inchoative. The ablative specifies an exit from the spatial relation and the perlative has the effect of an allative followed by an ablative (to and from). The locational verb l@ "at" may be omitted when an allative, ablative, or perlative suffix is added. This is always the case in the derivation of the locational verbs.

Locational Verbs
Description Locative Allative Ablative Perlative
Content Question cil@ cistu ciudi cīfra
Proximal bil@ bistu biudi bīfra
Medial (anaphoric) tel@ testu tōdi tēfra
Distal lal@ lastu laudi lāfra


An adjective is a verb that can take comparison morphosyntax. Most adjectives are static univalent verbs. Exceptions include "fast", "slow", "many", "few", "much", "little", "near", and "far". The comparison suffixes are:

Adjective Suffixes
Suffix Tag Name
-?? Sup superlative
-?? Cpr comparative
-?? Equ equative

Comparison Syntax

In a comparative or equative construction, the scale of comparison is the adjective taking the comparative or equative suffix; this is not necessarily the head verb of the clause. The explicit standard of comparison is a word-pair (along with any modifiers) headed by "exceed" for the comparative or by "match" for the equative. If no explicit standard of comparison appears, there's an implicit one whose referent is the subject of comparison at some earlier time. There may also be a degree of comparison specifying the degree of difference between the subject of comparison and the standard of comparison.

Superlative Syntax


Numbers aren't inflected, but ordinal numbers are derived from corresponding cardinal number using the suffix -?? (Ord). Both cardinal and ordinal numbers are verbs.

page started: 2013.Aug.03 Sat
current date: 2013.Aug.06 Tue
content and form originated by qiihoskeh

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