Feb26 –  A Constructed Language

Feb26 Phonology and Orthography

Legend: Definitions, Terms, <Text>, [IPA], -Tags-, and "Glosses".

Letters and Sounds

The tables show the relevent phonetic symbols (in IPA) with the corresponding orthographic (romanization) symbols. The 21 letters used are:
a c d e f g h i j k l m n o p s t w x y 'b q r u v z aren't used.
Digraphs are shown in the appropriate subsection.

In the following tables, an asterisk * indicates that the letter is used for more than one sound.

Vowel Qualities

There are 4 short vowels, 4 long vowels, and 2 diphthongs. The diphthongs are: [ai] ay, and [au] aw. There are no other vowel sequences.

  front central back
high i iː i ii - - -
high-mid - ee - - - o oː o oo -
low-mid - ɛ e - - -
low - - ɑ ɑː a aa -

Consonant Qualities

There are 22 consonant phonemes using 24 phones.

  labial coronal dorsal guttural
nasal voiced m m - - n n* - ɲ ny ŋ n* - -
stop voiceless p p - - t t - - k k kw - ʔ '
voiced - - d d - - gw - -
affricate voiceless - t͡ɬ tl - t͡ʃ c - -
voiced - - d͡ʒ j - -
fricative voiceless ɸ f - ɬ sl s s ʃ x ç hy x h - -
rhotic voiced - - ɾ l - - -
vocoid voiced - - l - j y - w w - -




The following rhyme types appear:

light: -V
heavy: -Vː, -VV, -VC
extraheavy: -VːC, -VVC, -VCC


Words of 3 or more syllables stress the antepenult unless the penult is heavy, in which case they stress the penult.

Words of 2 syllables ....

Words of 1 syllable are stressed if heavy and unstressed if light.


Vowel Alternations

Long vowels and diphthongs in open syllables alternate with sequences of short vowels + consonants, the latter appearing before a vowel. The following table shows the possible alternations.

Vowel Alternations
Vː, VV ii ee ay oo aw aa
VC- oy- ey- ay- ow- ew- aw-

Consonant Alternations

Coda nasals alternate according to the following non-glottal onset: m appears before p and m, while n appears otherwise.

The consonants y, w, and l may combine with a preceding consonant to form a single consonant or onset cluster:

base m n p t k ' d s h l
base + w m nw? p kw kw 'w gw f f lw?
base + y my ny py c ky 'y j x hy ly?
base + l - - pl tl kl - - sl hl -

page started: 2017.Mar.05 Sun
current date: 2017.Mar.10 Fri
content and form originated by qiihoskeh

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