Feb05 –  A Constructed Language

Feb05 Phonology and Orthography

Legend: Definitions, Terms, <Text>, [IPA], -Tags-, and "Glosses".

Letters and Sounds

The tables show the relevent phonetic symbols (in IPA) with the corresponding orthographic (romanization) symbols. The 29 letters and consonant digraphs used are:
a b c ch d e f g h i j k kh l m n o p q r s t th u w x y z 'v isn't used.

In the following tables, an asterisk * indicates that the letter is used for more than one sound.

Vowel Qualities

There are 5 short vowels, 5 long vowels, and 5 diphthongs. The diphthongs are: [ʊi] ui, [ɪu] iu, [ɔi] oi, [ai] ai, and [au] au. All other vowel sequences are disyllabic.

  front central back
high ii - - - uu
high-lax - ɪ i - - - ʊ u -
high-mid - ei - - - ou -
low-mid - ɛ e - - - ɔ o -
low - a aː a aa - -

Consonant Qualities

There are 24 consonant phonemes using 37 phones.

  labial coronal dorsal guttural
nasal voiced m m - n* n n* - ɲ n* ŋ n* - -
stop aspirated p - t̪ʰ t - c k - -
ejective p' b - t̪' d - c' j k' g - -
voiceless p - - c k - ʔ '
voiced b - - ɟ g - -
affricate voiceless - - t͡s z t͡ɕ q - -
fricative voiceless - f f θ th s s ɕ x ç ch x kh - h h
voiced - - z ʑ - -
rhotic voiced - - r r - - -
vocoid voiced - l - j y - w w - -




The following rhyme types appear:

light: -V
heavy: -Vː, -VV, -VC
extraheavy: -VːC, -VVC, -VCC


Words of 3 or more syllables stress the antepenult unless the penult is heavy, in which case they stress the penult.

Words of 2 syllables ....

Words of 1 syllable are stressed if heavy and unstressed if light.


Vowel Alterations

Long vowels and diphthongs alternate with sequences of short vowels + consonants, the latter appearing before a vowel. The following table shows the possible alternations.

Vowel Alternations
Vː, VV ii ei aa ou uu au ai oi iu ui
VC- iy- ey- aw- ow- uw- ew- ay- oy- iw- uy-

Possibly, long vowels can also alternate with short vowel + h.

Consonant Alternations

The consonant h may combine with a preceding consonant:

The consonant y may combine with a preceding consonant:

base m p b f t d th c j k g kh
base + y my py by ch z s ch q x c j ch

page started: 2017.Feb.07 Tue
current date: 2017.Feb.07 Tue
content and form originated by qiihoskeh

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