Dec06 –  A Constructed Language

Dec06 Phonology and Orthography

The tables show the relevent phonetic symbols (in IPA) with the corresponding orthographic (romanization) symbols. The letters used are:
a ā b c č ç d e ē f g h i ī j k l m n ň ŋ o ō p s š t þ u ū w x z ž;
q, r, v, and y aren't used.

Vowel Qualities

There are 5 phonetic vowel qualities occurring as 5 low tone vowels and 5 high tone vowels; the latter are marked with macrons and may be pronounced longer.

Vowel Qualities
  front back
high i i - - u u
high-mid - e e - o o -
low - a a -

Consonant Qualities

There are 33 consonant phones and 30 consonant phonemes.

Consonant Qualities
  labial coronal dorsal guttural
stop voiceless p p pj - t t - c k(j) k k kw - ʔ k
voiced b b bj - d d - ɟ g(j) g g gw - -
nasal voiced m m - n n - ɲ ň ŋ ŋ - -
affricate voiceless - - t͡s c t͡ʃ č - -
voiced - - d͡z z d͡ʒ ž - -
fricative voiced - - z ʒ - -
voiceless - f f θ þ s s ʃ š ç ç x x - h h
vocoid voiced - l l - j j - w w - -

/c/ and /ɟ/ are written as k and g before non-low front vowels and as kj and gj otherwise.

Syllables and Phonotactics

The possible syllable types are (C)V(C).

Every consonant except [ʔ] may appear as an onset. However, only some consonants appear initially.

Apart from gemination, the possible coda consonants are /s/, |N|, /l/, and [ʔ] with the last occurring only finally.

page started: 2013.Dec.08 Sun
current date: 2013.Dec.10 Tue
content and form originated by qiihoskeh

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