KLH1 Constructed Language
So far, the language is strictly VSO (but often not VAP, due to
the hierarchical nature). All questions begin with the question particle
Q, which allows the word identifying which content is queried to stay
in place (while resolving K and L), as in
Q Pst-give->S woman boy Int?
"What did the woman give the boy?"
Relative clauses are similar except that (A) a different particle and pronoun
are used, and (B) the relative clause is replaced by an attributive
construction when the relativized item is a marked argument of the RC's main
book Rel Pst-give->S woman boy RP
"the book the woman gave the boy"
The object of a relational verb, such as "in", or the theme of a trivalent
verb, such as "give", isn't marked on the verb, but requires an actual pronoun
when pronominal, e.g.
Prs-Loc John K.
"John is with me."
- A proper noun is automatically definite.
- A possessed noun must be marked for possessor and number (similar to
transitive verbs) and is definite.
- A non-possessed noun is definite if marked for number (in some fashion;
I haven't decided which) and is indefinite when unmarked. Such indefinite
noun phrases are used as complements of definition.
- A definite 3rd person pronoun; these are animate, inanimate, or
alternate and singular or plural. The pronoun may combine with a following
In any of the above definite phrases, cardinal numbers follow the noun
- A demonstrative may be followed by any of the above definite phrases; in
this case, the quantifier follows the demonstrative.
- Any quantifier (including cardinal and fractional numbers) may precede
an indefinite phrase (which may be nounless here). The universal
quantifier makes the construction definite; otherwise, it's indefinite. A
definite phrase used in place of the indefinite one is automatically taken
- An ordinal number (possibly followed by a cardinal number) may precede a
definite (and partitive) phrase.
- Likewise, a superlative adjective (possibly with a cardinal number) may
also precede a definite (and partitive) phrase.
Everything else follows the noun or pronoun.
page started: 2011.May.21 Sat
current date: 2011.May.22 Sun
content and form originated by qiihoskeh
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